Collection ID



Bible - Printed Book




Amsterdam, (the Netherlands)




Printed on Paper


11.5 × 8 × 2.25 in. (29.2 × 20.3 × 5.7 cm)

Exhibit Location

Not on View

The Reina–Valera Bible is one of the most influential Bibles in the Spanish-speaking world. Cipriano de Valera was a Spanish monk who embraced Protestant theology in the 1550s, eventually fleeing to England and then Holland. In the 1580s, he began revising Casiodoro de Reina’s Bible of 1569, the first complete Spanish translation of the Old Testament, Apocrypha, and New Testament. Valera published his work in 1602. Today, the Reina–Valera Bible remains the standard version used by many Spanish-speaking Protestants. This copy includes a royal bookplate, indicating that it once belonged to the private library of Maria Cristina, Queen of Spain.

Printed in 1602 by Loreço Iacobi, Amsterdam, the Netherlands. Acquired by the late 1800s by the royal library of Maria Cristina de Borbon (1806–1878), Queen of Spain.[1] Acquired by Natalio Botana (1888–1941), Argentina.[2] Acquired by Juana y Delia Borbón, unknown owners; Acquired by J[]y All[] B[], unknown owners; Acquired by Alejandro Gancedo, Argentina.[3] Purchased in 2009 by Andrew Stimer, private collector, Camarillo, California; Privately purchased in 2014 by Green Collection, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma; Donated in 2017 to National Christian Foundation (later The Signatry) under the curatorial care of Museum of the Bible.

Notes: [1] The front free endpaper of the text features the royal bookplate of Maria Cristina de Borbón, Queen of Spain. An inscription on the next page also notes this copy once belonged to the queen. [2] The front free endpaper also features an ex libris stamp identifying the text as once belonging to Natalio Botana, a controversial political journalist in Argentina. [3] A handwritten note on the front free endpaper states “J[]y All[] B[]” (the names are partially illegible) gave the book to Alejandro Gancedo. This likely refers to Alejandro Gancedo (1853–1926), a prominent Argentinian politician, or his son Alejandro Gancedo (1888–1962), a politician and newspaper entrepreneur. If this refers to the younger Gancedo, he may have acquired the book before or after Natalio Botana. Botana and Gancedo were both active in Argentinian newspapers, but it has not been possible to identify a direct link between the two.

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