ca. AD 250–400
Oxyrhynchus, now al-Bahnasā (Egypt)
5.5 × 4.1 in. (14 × 10.5 cm)
On view in The History of the Bible, The Written Tradition
Grenfell and Hunt occasionally found fragments of parchment buried in the papyrus dump of ancient Oxyrhynchus. This damaged parchment is all that remains of a codex written in an uncial script. The surviving text is 1 Peter 5:5–13. There is a page number at the top of the verso that Grenfell and Hunt read as sigma kappa theta (229). More recent readings show that the sigma should be read as an omega, and the kappa could also be an iota, making the number either 819 or 829. If correct, this codex was far larger than previously thought.
Created in the 3rd or 4th century AD in Egypt. Excavated in the early 1900s by Bernard Grenfell (1869–1926) and Arthur Hunt (1871–1934); Acquired until 1915–1922 by the Egypt Exploration Fund; Ownership assumed between 1915 and 1922 by Bonebrake Theological Seminary, later renamed United Theological Seminary, Dayton, Ohio, until 2009; Acquired in 2009 by Dirk Obbink, Oxford, England; Privately purchased in 2010 by Green Collection, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma; Gifted in 2014 to Museum of the Bible, Washington, DC.
Notes:  Bernard P. Grenfell and Arthur S. Hunt, The Oxyrhynchus Papyri, v. XI (Egypt Exploration Society, 1915), 5–6.  Bernard P. Grenfell and Arthur S. Hunt, The Oxyrhynchus Papyri, v. XVI (Egypt Exploration Society, 1924), 277. The Egypt Exploration Fund, which sponsored Grenfell and Hunt’s work, began distributing papyri as gifts to supporting institutions in 1900. By 1922, it had gifted approximately three thousand items to 103 institutions, including United Theological Seminary. For the announcement of the seminary’s sale of the papyri, see Tommy Wasserman, “P. Oxy. 1353 = 0206 (1 Pet 5:5–13) for Sale!” Evangelical Textual Criticism (blog), March 3, 2009, http://evangelicaltextualcriticism.blogspot.com/2009/03/p-oxy-1353-0206-1-pet-55-13-for-sale.html. See also, Roberta Mazza, “Papyri Ethics, and Economics: A Biography of P.Oxy. 15.1780 (P39),” Bulletin of the American Society of Papyrologists 52 (2015): 113–142. On page 128 note 63, she mentions that the papyri sold in 2009.
Lincoln H. Blumell and Thomas A. Wayment, eds., "P.Oxy. XI 1353 (Uncial 0206) 1 Peter 5:5–13" in Christian Oxyrhynchus: Texts, Documents, and Sources (Baylor University Press, 2015), 166–169.
Don Barker, “How Long and Old Is the Codex of which P.Oxy. 1353 is a Leaf?” Jewish and Christian Scripture as Artifact and Canon, Craig A. Evans and H. Daniel Zacharias, eds. (T&T Clark, 2009).
Bernard P. Grenfell and Arthur S. Hunt, eds., The Oxyrhynchus Papyri Part XI (Egypt Exploration Society, 1915).
Museum of the Bible Publications:
Bethany Jensen and A. Josiah Chappell, The Legacy of Christian Egypt: 11th International Congress of Coptic Studies (Museum of the Bible, 2016).
Jennifer Atwood and Stacey L. Douglas, eds. Passages: Exploring the Bible in Four Movements—An Exhibition Guide (Museum of the Bible, 2015).
David Trobisch, Jennifer Atwood, Jonathan Kirkpatrick, and Rory P. Crowley, Verbum Domini II: God’s Word Goes Out to the Nations (Museum of the Bible and Abilene Christian University Press, 2014).
To acquire permission to use this image, please visit our Rights and Reproduction page.